Photoshop

Painting

Brushes Palette (Photoshop 7.0)

Photoshop 7.0 introduced a Brushes Palette with an extraordinary number of settings for creating custom brushes. As well, it contains preset brush shapes, samples of the brush stroke, and Brush Dynamics settings that let you fade out the size, saturation or opacity/pressure of a tool's effect over distance. We'll only touch on the basic brush options and leave it to you to experiment with creating custom brushes.

Brushes palette button To open the palette, click on the button on the right side of the Tool Options bar or go to Window > Brushes. By default, this palette is docked in the palette well so it can be accessed from there, too.

Brushes palette

There is a list of options in the left side of the palette. The list is separated by a horizontal dividing line. The items above the line have settings/options associated with them that will appear on the right side of the palette. Click on the item's name to view and change the settings. To enable/disable an option without viewing its settings, click on its check box. The items below the dividing line are simple options that are enabled/disabled by clicking on the check boxes beside the names. There are no further settings for these options so you won't be able to select them by clicking on their names.

Brush Presets

This option displays the same information as the Brush pop-up menu in the Tool Options bar plus the additional features shown in the screen shot below.

bottom of Brushes palette

There is a black and white preview of what the currently selected brush stroke will look like. There are two buttons at the bottom. The one on the left is the Create New Preset button and the Delete Brush button lets you delete a preset.

Noise

Noise effect This applies a random scattering of pixels that are visible in the softer areas of the paint stroke.

Wet Edges

When this option is enabled, the effect is like watercolour painting. The opacity is reduced and there is a slight build-up of paint along the borders of the stroke. In Photoshop 7.0, Wet Edges is enabled in the Brushes palette rather than on the Tool Options bar.

Airbrush Tool

This duplicates the function of the button located on the Tool Options bar. The Airbrush tool is a variation of the Paintbrush tool in Photoshop 7.0, unlike in previous versions of the program.

Smoothing

The purpose of Smoothing is to smooth the curves of brush strokes. It is most effective when used with a stylus.

Brush Dynamics

In Photoshop 6.0, Brush Dynamics were three fairly simple settings. In adding more Dynamics options in this version, Adobe has added considerable complexity. We'll cover the Dynamics settings equivalent to those in version 6.0 that let you fade out the size, saturation or opacity/pressure of a tool's effect over distance.

Shape Dynamics

This option makes the size of the brush tip grow smaller as you paint. To set the stroke width to go from 100% to 0% when using a mouse:

  1. Set all Jitter settings to 0%.
  2. In the Control pop-up under Size Jitter, select Fade and beside it enter the number of steps you want in the transition. (A higher number of steps creates a longer transition distance.)
  3. Set Minimum Diameter to 0. This determines the final brush diameter in the transition.

Colour Dynamics

To create a transition where the foreground colour changes to the background colour over the course of the brush stroke:

  1. Set all Jitter settings to 0%.
  2. In the Control pop-up, select Fade and beside it enter the number of steps you want in the transition.

Other Dynamics

This is where you can change the opacity of the brush stroke as you're painting.

  1. Set both Jitter settings to 0%.
  2. In the Control pop-up, select Fade and beside it enter the number of steps you want in the transition.

Palette Menu

There is a button on the top right of the pop-up menu to access commands pertaining to the palette. If the palette is docked, access the menu by clicking on the triangle on the palette's tab. The commands are described below.

Dock to Palette Well
If you've detached the palette from the palette well, you can dock it again using this command.
Expanded View
When this option is disabled, only the brush presets are displayed in the palette.
New Brush
Choosing this command will create a duplicate of the currently selected brush and prompt you to assign a name to it. Then you can use the options in the list on the left to customize the new brush. Brushes you create will be added to the presets. This is the same as using the Create New Preset button at the bottom of the palette.
Clear Brush Controls
This will remove all options settings for the selected brush.
Copy Texture to Other Tools
When you've set up a texture for the current tool, you can choose this command to copy the texture and its scale to all other tools that support textures.
Rename Brush
Each default preset brush is assigned a name and when you design your own brushes, you'll be prompted to name them. This command lets you edit the brush names.
Delete Brush
This option deletes the currently selected brush from the preset list. This is the same as using the Delete Brush button at the bottom of the palette.
Display Options
This sets the display of the brush presets in the pop-up palette. The default is Small Thumbnail.
  • Text Only
  • Small Thumbnail
  • Large Thumbnail
  • Small List
  • Large List
  • Stroke Thumbnail
Preset Manager
Opens the Preset Manager dialog. This command is also available by going to Edit > Preset Manager. The Preset Manager will be covered in a later lecture.
Reset Brushes
This option will convert the list of presets back to the default list. If you've created any custom brushes without saving them in a custom library, they will be deleted.
Load Brushes
This will navigate to the Brushes folder saved to your hard drive during installation of the program, letting you select a brush library that will be appended to the current list of brush presets.
Save Brushes
You can save the current set of brushes as a custom library, which is particularly handy if you've created any custom brushes.
Replace Brushes
This option lets you load a brush library that will replace the library currently displayed in the list.
Brush Libraries
The brush libraries that come with Photoshop are listed at the bottom of this menu. When you select one from the list, you will be asked to choose between replacing the current brushes with the new set or appending the new ones to the current set.

Brushes Palette (Photoshop 7.0) Summary


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